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Uses of the Past Subjunctive

As with our regular passato prossimo, the past subjunctive is used to express events that have taken place in the past.

In our previous lesson on the indicative past tense, we’ve explained the foundational structure of how this tense is formed: it is a compound tense that requires either avere or essere as an auxiliary verb to a past participle.

The past subjunctive tense is required instead of the past indicative tense (passato prossimo or passato remoto) whenever the subjunctive is required:

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