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Introduction to the Past Subjunctive

Remember how, in our last lesson, you were asked to pay special attention to the present subjunctive conjugations of our Italian main verbs avere and essere? The reason for this is that these conjugations will serve as a foundation to past subjunctive conjugations.

As with our regular passato prossimo, the past subjunctive uses avere or essere as an auxiliary verb—this time in their present subjunctive forms—to the past participle of a given verb. (Please refer to our lecture on passato prossimo to review regular and irregular past participles).

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