I. Indicativo presente: Present Indicative of Regular Verbs
Italian verbs can be divided into three groups depending on the ending of the infinitive form of the verb.
- Verbs in the first conjugation end in -are. For example, ascoltare (to listen), comprare (to buy), and amare (to love).
- Verbs in the second conjugation end in -ere. Some frequently used examples are ripetere (to repeat), credere (to believe), and vendere (to sell).
- Verbs in the third conjugation end in -ire.Verbs ending in -ire can be separated into two subgroups.
- Verbs which require -isc- to be inserted between the stem and the ending, except in the noi and voi forms. These are the most common -ire verbs. Examples include finire (to finish), capire (to understand), and preferire (to prefer).
- Verbs which do not require the insertion of -isc-. For example, sentire (to hear, to feel, to smell, to taste), partire (to leave), and aprire (to open).