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Present indicative. Regular verbs ending in -are, -ere, -ire

I. Indicativo presente: Present Indicative of Regular Verbs

Italian verbs can be divided into three groups depending on the ending of the infinitive form of the verb.

  1. Verbs in the first conjugation end in -are. For example, ascoltare (to listen), comprare (to buy), and amare (to love).

  2. Verbs in the second conjugation end in -ere. Some frequently used examples are ripetere (to repeat), credere (to believe), and vendere (to sell).

  3. Verbs in the third conjugation end in -ire.Verbs ending in -ire can be separated into two subgroups.
    • Verbs which require -isc- to be inserted between the stem and the ending, except in the noi and voi forms. These are the most common -ire verbs. Examples include finire (to finish), capire (to understand), and preferire (to prefer).

    • Verbs which do not require the insertion of -isc-. For example, sentire (to hear, to feel, to smell, to taste), partire (to leave), and aprire (to open).
To form the indicativo presente we drop the infinitive endings (-are, -ere, -ire) and add a new ending to the stem. All regular verbs follow the pattern of endings shown in the table below.

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