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Overview of the Present Indicative of Irregular Verbs


Essere, avere, and stare

Three of the most important irregular verbs in Italian are avere (to have), essere (to be), and stare (to be, to stay, to remain). See the table below for their conjugations.




io sono ho sto
tu sei hai stai
lui/lei/Lei è ha sta
noi siamo abbiamo stiamo
voi siete avete state
loro sono hanno stanno

I. The verb avere is used in many idiomatic expressions which describe someone’s state of being. Notice how these expressions in English are generally conveyed with the verb “to be.”

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