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Pronunciation and Orthography: The Alphabet, Double Consonants, and Accent Marks


The Alphabet

The Italian alphabet consists of twenty-one letters: five vowels and sixteen consonants. In most cases, Italian is a phonetic language, based on its own system of pronunciation rules. Following is the Italian alphabet, including the appropriate pronunciation for each letter. In many cases, the Italian pronunciation is similar to the English; however, this is not the case with the letters C, G, H, and S. Please make special note of their entries in the table below.

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