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Overview of Italian Adjectives

In Italian, adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. There are three types of Italian adjectives. See the table below, which highlights their different endings.

Masculine Singular

Feminine Singular

Masc./Fem. Singular

Masculine Plural

Feminine Plural

Masc./Fem. Plural

First Type (4 different endings) nuovo nuova NA nuovi nuove NA
Second Type (2 different endings) NA NA intelligente NA NA intelligenti
Third Type (3 different endings) NA NA femminista femministi femministe NA


Adjectives of the first and second type are the most common. Adjectives of the third type are few, but they are frequently used. Examples include comunista (communist), fascista (fascist), ottimista (optimist), and pessimista (pessimist).


Rules and Uses

  1. Certain adjectives change their spelling in the plural. These changes follow the same pattern as nouns, which we saw in a previous lesson. Some spelling changes in adjectives depend on where the stress is in the word. See the following tables with common examples.

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